By Leonardo Gottems, Reporter for AgroPages
The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA) approved the registration of 36 new pesticides. The release was made official at the end of December 2020, as stated in the Official Gazette (DOU) under Act 91 of the Department of Plant Health and Agricultural Inputs of the Secretariat of Agricultural Defense.
The products registered at this last part of the year all are generic or post-patent. With these approvals, Brazil added to the 474 products approved last year, 94.5% of which were generic.
In addition, four pesticides are biological or organic, which can be used in both organic and traditional agriculture. As a result, the number of biological and organic products registered in 2019 reached 40.
“Under Brazilian law, after a patent expires, other companies may register new products based on a particular substance. Equivalent products are similar to reference products that have already been registered in the past, safe to use, and proven not only by studies submitted to the agencies involved, but also by empirical proof with years of use,” explained MAPA.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture, “Generics are an important factor in reducing the influence of monopolies and oligopolies on the market for certain active ingredients. They benefit free competition and the competitiveness of domestic agriculture. The goal of approving generic products is to increase market competition and lower the prices of pesticides, which drives down the cost of production.”
The Brazilian government's product registration agencies said that in recent years, several bureaucratic measures have been taken to make the pesticide registration faster in Brazil. Under the Ministry of Agriculture, Ibama and Anvisa, the sectors responsible for analyzing pesticide records were reorganized and assigned reallocated servers, which led to increased productivity and the registration of less toxic products.
“The goal, in addition to the release of generic products, is to approve new, less toxic and more environmentally-friendly compounds and replace old products. By law, no new product can be registered with a higher toxicity than those already on the market,” MAPA added.
Among the new products approved in 2019 is a wasp-based organic crop defensive, Telenomus podis, which can be used in Brazilian agriculture to combat Euschistus heros, a major soybean pest. Another newly approved pesticide is a low-toxicity product formulated with orange peel oil used to combat aphids in minor crops, such as lettuce, watercress, broccoli, kale, cauliflower, spinach, cabbage and arugula.
Also new this year is the pesticide-based active ingredient, Fluopiram, which can be used to combat nematodes in potato, coffee, sugarcane, corn and soybean crops, and fungi in cotton, bean and soybean crops. The product is a highly effective fungicidal and nematicidal compound and was on trial for 10 years awaiting analysis of its registration claim. Another new approval is the herbicide, florpirauxifen-benzyl, which can be used to control weeds in rice crops. The active ingredient won the Green Chemistry Award in 2018.