New farming methods, fertilizer help increase corn production
Apr. 9, 2012
A cooperative leader in San Manuel, Tarlac(Central Luzon, Philippines) has harvested 16.2 metric tons (16,200 kilos) of yellow corn per hectare. The feat was called by experts as the highest per hectare yield recorded in the country so far.
Posting the record-breaking harvest was Juanito Rama, head of the San Manuel Multi-purpose Farmers Cooperative.
Rama volunteered his 2.5 hectare corn field for a demonstration test of a combination of cutting-edge farming practices including zero tillage or no plowing done, and the use of a liquid organic based fertilizer called Masinag.
Based on the P12.50 per kilo farm-gate price of corn at the time of harvest, Rama’s farm yielded a total of 40,500 kilos that fetched a hefty P506,250, in gross sales.
The farmer-leader said that he used hybrid seeds supplied by the country’s biggest corn seed breeder, and applied only six bags of complete commercial fertilizer plus six liters of the liquid organic fertilizer for each hectare of his corn land. He planted the corn seeds on unplowed land.
The combination of those bold farming techniques, Rama testified, cut his labor and input costs by half and increased his net earnings to a record he never imagined could happen.
A support group of experts including the Land Bank of the Philippines, scientist from the Central Luzon State University (CLSU) in Munoz, Nueva Ecija, the Department of Agriculture through the new National Agribusiness Corp., (NABCOR) the seed supplier and the developer of the Masinag organic based fertilizer contributed to Rama’s success.
Dr. Nenita de la Cruz, leader of the team of farm scientists from CLSU involved in the field test, said that neighbors of Rama were skeptical when her group guided Rama in using the “zero tillage” farming technique.
Direct seeding was done on the Rama demonstration farm without plowing the field. It was only cleared of the remaining rice stalks after the wet cropping season last November.
A nearby farm where the prevailing corn farming practices were used was used by the farm scientists as a “control” and the basis of their scientific analyses and comparison. The yield in the control farm was 12 tons per hectare for inputs of 16 bags of commercial fertilizer.
"The newly planted corn was rained out and I feared the seeds would not sprout, but they did,” Rama shared in recounting his experiences to representatives of the Federation of Tarlac Cooperatives on the day of the harvest.
The farming technology on the Monsanto BT corn seed was used with some innovations, particularly the application of Masinag organic-based liquid fertilizer, and the “zero tillage” system.
With the success of the field demo test, the package of technology applying the Masinag organic-based liquid fertilizer and the zero tillage system will soon be taught to other corn farmers, Dr. De la Cruz said.
More from AgroNews
Subscribe to daily email alerts of AgroNews.