India, farmers reach partial accord
−− Grain pricing, new laws on table Monday; blockades stay
Jan. 4, 2021
Representatives of the Indian government and tens of thousands of protesting farmers held talks after a hiatus of three weeks and reached agreement on two of the four issues that caused the farmers to blockade highways near the capital, officials said.
Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar said he and the leaders of 40 farmers' groups agreed to meet again Monday to resolve the remaining two key issues -- the farmers' demands that three new agriculture reform laws be repealed and that the government maintain a guaranteed minimum price for wheat, rice and some other crops.
Tomar said he appealed to the farmers to immediately end their blockade of the highways but their leaders declined.
Ignoring the coronavirus pandemic, the farmers have been blockading highways connecting New Delhi to northern India for nearly five weeks, obstructing transportation and dealing a blow to manufacturing and businesses in the north.
Paramjit Singh, a leader of the farmers, said there was a positive shift in the government's attitude toward their demands in the more than five hours of talks Wednesday from earlier meetings.
He said he was confident of a positive outcome during next week's talks, but that the farmers will continue their blockade until all of their demands are met.
Tomar said the two sides agreed Wednesday that the government would continue its subsidy of electricity for irrigating farms and that farmers would not be punished for burning crop residues, a cause of air pollution.
Farmers fear the government will stop buying grain at minimum guaranteed prices and that corporations will then push prices down under the new laws. The government said it is willing to pledge that guaranteed prices will continue.
The farmers say the new laws will lead to the cartelization and commercialization of agriculture and make farmers vulnerable to corporate greed.
Indian media reports said protesters in northern Punjab state damaged more than 1,000 mobile phone towers and telecom equipment belonging to Reliance Industries Ltd., a private conglomerate, which they say will benefit from the new laws.
Tomar appealed to the farmers not to damage equipment, saying it causes hardship to people.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi held virtual talks Friday with Indian farmers who support his plan, and he asked them to explain how the government's agricultural policies have benefited them, a month into huge farmer protests that have rattled his administration.
"Through these agricultural reforms, we have given better options to the farmers," Modi said in his live address.
"Those making big speeches today did nothing for farmers when they were in power," Modi said.
The farmers present during Modi's talks were from six states but not from Punjab and Haryana, two of India's largest agricultural states whose farmers were the first to rise up against his government and have now hunkered down outside the capital in their trucks, trailers and tractors.
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