Oct. 22, 2018
By Leonardo Gottems, reporter for AgroPages
In October, the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply (MAPA) published, in the Federal Official Gazette (DOU), Normative Instructions n ° 38 and n ° 39, the new list of quarantine pests now present or absent in Brazil, in a bid to update information on all diseases that require regulation by the Ministry.
The list of Absent Quarantine Pests (PQA) establishes which threats are of economic importance, but not yet present in Brazil. The list of Quarantine Pest Present (PQP) documents the threats that have already been registered in Brazil, but are still not widely scattered and require government control.
According to Graciane Magalhães de Castro, deputy director of the Department of Plant Protection (DSV) of MAPA, "The two lists will be made available on the Ministry's website to facilitate access to stakeholders, both for the import process into new markets, and for the export of Brazilian products ".
The opening of new markets results in the possibility of new exotic pests entering the country, which may be associated with imported crops and cause an economic impact to the nation's agribusiness, said Graciane Castro. At each plant import request, tax auditors have previously conducted a Pest Risk Analysis (PRA). Organisms associated with plant products that have potential for damage are regulated and included in the list of quarantined pests.
"The opening of the Brazilian market is conditioned on compliance with the specific phytosanitary measures recommended in the ARP to control these pests. The same procedure is performed worldwide. "In addition, the PQP list is fundamental for the prevention of dissemination within Brazilian territory, through interstate traffic control and actions recommended in the Normative Instructions specific to each pest," noted Graciane.
Download the PQP list