Sep. 29, 2016
The research was done by a team of researchers from Argentina, Spain and the United Kingdom under the direction of the Argentinean National Advisory Commission on Agricultural Biotechnology (CONABIA). They were able to modify the genome of the bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens a microorganism that grows only in association with plant roots.
The rationale is the symbiosis is mutually beneficial: plants release energy and nutrients are absorbed by the bacteria, and releases various antifungal compounds that protect plant diseases.
It was explained by experts that this microorganism also was modified to add the ability to fertilize the plant from atmospheric nitrogen, which would result in savings of chemical fertilizer, providing reduced costs and lower consumption of resources not renewable.
This organism was developed in Argentina by INTA researchers. It could be used as a biological fertilizer by inoculation of seeds and also crop development would enhance reducing fertilizers demand.